The body of a newborn baby, works on the measurement read – and also the skin different from the skin of an adult, so the and care it the need for more careful. To avoid the inflammatory processes and the unpleasant noise you need each day to carry out a series of hygiene procedures. Because the skin care of the newborn child provides in its purity, lack of skin rashes, and diaper rash, which will have an impact on the well-being of the child.
Features of the structure of the skin of the newborn
When you see crumbs in the light the surface of his skin is a thin layer of grease serves as a barrier reliable during fetal development. Previously, it was thought that the lubrication you need to make sure to clean or wash away, but modern doctors recommend not to interfere with the biological process — and give you completely soak the skin of the child.
After the disappearance of fat and the skin takes on a reddish color, which is quite normal:
- the phenomenon is due to a greater amount in the blood of the red blood cells;
- affects the proximity of the blood vessels and the lack of the sc-layer of fat.
It is possible the appearance of vascular pattern or "marble" with the hypothermia children.
For the care of the skin is due to its tenderness: it is soft and velvety, thanks gun cloth. Small thin hairs cover the back, shoulders and even hips crumbs. But already after three days the surface of the skin becomes dry, and on it can form of peeling. So pass the adaptation from the habitat protection of the air, because the sebaceous glands work, while intermittently. Increased desquamation are of the child's foot and hands due to the lack of lipids foam, keeps the humidity.
Sometimes the skin is covered with rashes in the form of small white dots – milij. I am sure, if the parents do not begin to remove or delete. Just improves the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands to disappear. Red pimples ("flower") evidenced by hormonal reconstruction of the body of a child and also do not represent a health threat.
The rules of care
- To avoid accidental damage of the skin of the newborn, the nails are in need of an adult briefly at the beard, and treating the lime.
- If you have a fungus, inflammatory processes or pimples adult in hand preferably to entrust the care of the skin of a healthy child, a member of the family.
- All in good measure, then it is better to use normal baby soap without scent and the cream is water based.
- Used area of cosmetic treatment must be of high quality.
Every morning after waking up, the child needs to wash with hot water boiled. In the first few weeks, the water is heated to 36 With, in the future, it is possible to reduce the temperature to 25 ° C.
- Eyes rub with a wad of cotton, wet in the direction from the outside corner towards the inside.
- The spout with the outer side rubbed with a wad of moist cotton.
- Two times a week is eliminated, the outer layer of the abalone. Do not forget to clean the plots behind the ears, because there accumulates dirt (which is linked to inflammation.
- At the end of the procedure gently with a piece of wet cotton deleted the faces of the children.
Care of the body
Up to six months in the childhood of every day, the bathroom and the cleaning carried out after each bowel movement. Avoid the appearance of diaper rash will bathrooms of the air – it is advisable to practice a couple of times a day for 10-15 minutes for the skin to "breathe". Begin the procedure with a minute, gradually increasing the duration.
- Until does not heal umbilical wound, bathe the child in water boiled. The water cool for up to 36 With soap and water every day use of the optional, and the washing head go two times a week. After water procedures, the wound treated with brilliant green. Before wearing the diaper carefully blot (in no case do not rub!) the body of the child with a towel or flannel diaper.
- Some pediatricians do not recommend bathing the child the first 2-3 weeks, to avoid infection of the navel. In this case the whole body of the child every day to be cleaned with a soft cloth dampened with comfortable boiled water. Particular attention is necessary to wash the wrinkles, and placed under the diaper.
- After each excursion in the toilet of the child has to wash away, passing his hand from the genital organs to the fold gluteal. Also the cleaning of the chute after every 3 urination, for this trait not seen as diaper rash.
- For the skin care of the child includes the application of creams to protect the delicate surface from irritating urine. The ass does not sweat, make sure to use a cream for babies, infants or children's and cream.
- After each dive all the folds of skin on the baby's body, make sure to clean the baby oil, to not have the diaper rash and dry skin.
Even if the parents know how to take care of a baby and its skin, it is not always possible to avoid problems:
- Most mothers are worried because of the appearance on the head of a child with scabs, that is not a disease. To remove them you need to lubricate before bathing for children cream or vaseline oil. And when the child will be in the bathroom, rub the affected areas of the head with a clean cloth, gauze pad or bandage. To insist on not serving, not to injure the delicate skin – simply circular light strokes.
- When you see the prickly heat should review the habit of cuddling the child, and to refer too hot things. Help the bath with chamomile extract or a decoction of oak bark.
- With the advent of diaper rash it is necessary to wash away the crumbs after every urination and bowel movement, often to change diapers and nappies. Diaper changes must be accompanied by a treatment of the inflamed area a special cream. They are recommended in the bathrooms of the air.
The right care given to the child the good mood, health, and the mom – precious peace of mind. It is enough to pay attention, problem areas of the body, to avoid the more serious diseases of the skin.