What is fractional laser revival

Fraxel laser skin rejuvenation can solve many skin problems. This technology has become widespread and has almost replaced other laser equipment used for anti-aging procedures. The secret of this popularity is that fractional lasers are safer than traditional lasers.

What is Fraxel Laser Revival

Fractional laser operation scheme

Fraxel technology was developed in the United States in 2004. At that time, the possibility of using laser revival was already known. But the developers of the new method went further: they changed the structure of the laser beam. Instead of narrow beams, hundreds of micro beams of different lengths can be applied to the skin at once.The traditional laser will heat the entire illuminated area, and the fractional laser will act as a dot. The width of the dry tube in the burning skin is not more than 0. 1 mm and the depth is not more than 0. 4 to 1. 9 mm.For 1 cm2skin, there can be up to several thousand such partial-damaged areas and complete areas alternately. In the language of a beautician, the area exposed to radiation is called the micro heat treatment area.

Unlike other lasers with stump technology, Fraxel emits light evenly on all micro areas of the skin at a distance of one hundredth of a millimeter.

There are several segmented repair techniques, because manufacturers have taken into account that people’s age is different-each type of aging has specific age-related changes. As a source, technology developers used two types of lasers-and and th.

laser laser acts on the upper layer of the epidermis, more precisely, on its lipid layer, where water molecules accumulate and are retained-they are molecules that absorb light energy​​​Under the influence of high temperature, the water evaporates and the dead cells that make up the top layer of the skin are burned by the laser. This aggressive effect will immediately cause the body's protective response-increase metabolism, so that the damaged area of ​​the skin will recover as soon as possible. On average, it takes 1-2 weeks to heal minor injuries and 3-4 months to fully recover. This process is called ablation or resurfacing. After the skin becomes cleaner and lighter, pigmentation spots and keratomas disappear, and fine lines are eliminated. The first-generation equipment with a wavelength of 1550 nm (shallow penetration, maximum 20-50 microns or 0. 02-0. 05 mm) works on an laser. Then it became clear that a more gentle technique is needed-for the treatment of thin and sensitive skin in the eye/lip area. The wavelength is reduced to 1420nm.

The

ul laser has a wavelength of 1927 nm and is used to heat the upper layer of the dermis, where the collagen-elastin network is located. Protein fibers change their structure by the action of heat-they fold and condense. If you visualize them: they look like spring water, but with age, active facial expressions and under the influence of gravity, they lose their elasticity and become straight. As the collagen framework weakens, the dermis first loses its tone, then sags and folds and gathers, and the upper layer of the skin and wrinkles appear. Therefore, from the high temperature, they fold into springs again as they are, and pull up their sagging tissues over time. As a result, some wrinkles (including deep wrinkles) are smoothed. Laser is not used alone for partial revival. But its energy is effectively combined with the with laser.

By combining the two types of exposure, laser equipment manufacturers have obtained the equipment-the gold standard for anti-aging beauty.

Fraxel laser irradiation acts on all layers of the skin, so it helps to solve various age-related problems.

With the advent of high-power CO2 lasers, rejuvenation therapy has become more effective. As they pass through carbon dioxide molecules, the light pulses in them are amplified. The laser uses this technology to perform ablation and resurfacing on it and on. However, the energy of the CO2laser penetrates deeper-up to 300 microns or 0. 3 mm. This technology allows you to achieve significant improvements in the quality and texture of the skin: improve skin tone, reduce pores, remove scars and stretch marks, and smooth wrinkles. When the radiation affects the deeper layers of the skin, a carbon dioxide laser is also used for skin optical pyrolysis procedures.

For partial laser revival

Among women, segmented laser rejuvenation is more often required, although men sometimes use it. The average age of the patients is 30 to 50 years old, and the upper and lower limits are plus or minus 5 years. In fact, there is no strict age limit for the age determined by dermatologists and beauticians during the initial examination, whether it is necessary to use fractional laser for rejuvenation. Only when you are young, your metabolism is already very active, there are still no visible age-related changes, and you can use other gentler methods to solve skin problems. On the contrary, after 50 years, small-scale rejuvenation may no longer produce obvious results, because the organization is deformed very strongly, and the surface correction can only bring short-term effects, and may not be effective at all.

When applying laser skin resurfacing:

Segmented laser repair facial skin
  • Large pores and post-acne marks;
  • pale and unhealthy, poor skin tone;
  • Used for superficial fine lines;
  • Used for pigmentation and freckles;
  • Used for scars and stretch marks.

Indicates that local thermal decomposition can cause the face, neck, breastbone, skin tone to disappear and loosen, resulting in wrinkles, folds and creases.

Women say that after Fraxel, the skin looks 3-5 years younger than their age, although not everyone is like that.

Taboos on procedures

It is forbidden to use fractional laser for any surgery:

  • Patients under the age of 18;
  • Pregnant and lactating women;
  • Cancer patients;
  • People with heart and blood vessel diseases;
  • Diabetic patients;
  • Allergy patients (the doctor should be warned about allergies to the laser itself or anesthetics).

If the skin at the surgical site is injured, inflamed or covered with rash, herpes, dermatitis, or psoriasis, it is recommended not to expose it to laser.This process will only exacerbate existing problems, so the skin must be healthy.Relative contraindications for laser skin resurfacing/thermal decomposition-chemical peeling or plastic surgery in the previous month. In this case, a doctor may need to perform a local repair.

The difference between fractional laser program and other types

When performing similar steps on other lasers, I found the possibility of rejuvenating on a small part of the laser-thermal decomposition on diodes and neodymium lasers, heating the deep layers of the skin, on long-wavelength b and carbon dioxidePerform the resurfacing of the entire laser. The result comes from both one process and another, but you have to wait too long. After grinding and surface treatment, the skin recovered for a month and a half-not all patients are satisfied with this period. In addition, the risk of side effects remains high. When a certain dose of light energy appeared, the salon began to switch to a new technology on a large scale-fractional lasers began to be used everywhere.

Even after a procedure, there will be obvious changes in the organization, but in order to consolidate the results, you need to go to the beautician 3-4 times.

There are some new processes:

  • Carbon stripping. Treat the upper layer of the skin with carbon (carbon) gel, and then perform laser irradiation on it-heating the deep layer of the dermis. Generally, the mechanism of action is standard-regeneration is more intense at high temperatures. However, due to the effect of the laser, the gel can penetrate deep enough: therefore, even after a while, the pores can be removed, the work of the sebaceous glands can be normalized, and the face becomes cleaner and smoother. This procedure is recommended for patients with oily skin.
  • Laser bioregeneration is a procedure that has replaced injection technology. Apply a gel containing hyaluronic acid to the problematic area and treat the skin with a laser-usually a diode. With the discovery of lasers, it became clear that even external reagents can penetrate deeper, which means that they can work more efficiently if they are treated with lasers after applying the desired area. The same happens with hyaluronic acid molecules-if in ordinary creams or gels they are only absorbed by the surface and washed off after the first cleansing, then after laser irradiation they fall into the deep layers of the epidermis, whereAll the moisture the skin needs will accumulate.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of laser surgery-form

Advantages Disadvantages
  • Suitable for all skin types;
  • Treat multi-directional skin problems;
  • can be performed on the face and body;
  • Short recovery period;
  • gives long-term results up to 5-8 years
  • soreness;
  • High cost;
  • Possibility of complications and side effects

How to prepare the program

Part of the preparation for the rejuvenation started with a consultation with a dermatologist. After the exam, he must approve the procedures and personal recommendations. Restrictions usually involve:

  • Lifestyle. 3-4 weeks before the operation, you should refuse to visit the solarium. Before going out, please use a cream with SPF filter;
  • Taking certain medications-antibiotics, blood thinning medications almost every second woman over the age of 30 takes. But on the contrary, it pays to drink medicine for herpes.
  • Herpes on cheeks
  • Decoration process. 2 weeks before the operation, it is recommended not to perform any other cleansing and rejuvenating facial procedures, it is better to even give up home exfoliation to avoid damage to the skin again, and switch to gentle care.

You need to go to the salon without makeup.

On the eve of the meeting and the day of the meeting, it is recommended not to drink a lot of alcohol-so that there is no tissue edema.

If you are prone to herpes, it is recommended to drink antiviral drugs while preparing for surgery.

How to perform surgery in a salon

Process of process:

  1. The first thing a doctor needs to do is to disinfect the skin and apply anesthetic. Application of anesthesia is usually sufficient.
  2. Next, apply the contact gel, which needs to make the laser handle easier to slide on the skin.
  3. The diameter of the nozzle is different: 7x7 mm or 15x15 mm. In one activation process, 1-2 cm2skin is illuminated, so the process takes very little time. It takes about half an hour to treat the face and neck, and about 10 minutes on the hands.
  4. The discomfort usually does not appear during the operation, but after the anesthesia begins to subside. When the laser is irradiated on the skin, it feels warm, burning and stinging, but it can be tolerated. Because a micro-area burn is easier to perceive than a directional beam of light that burns centimeters from the top layer of the skin.

What effect will appear after the program is completed, and when will it appear

On the second or third day after the operation, when the edema subsides, a light tan will appear on the skin, the skin tone will become smoother, and the skin tone will become fresher. It takes about a month for the skin to recover. After this period of time, it will produce a significant lifting effect, that is, improve skin quality, that is, increase density, elasticity, reduce pores, and reduce age spots.To merge results, you need to perform 3-4 steps every other month.In 3-4 months, after the collagen-elastin skeleton is restored, the face will become firmer, wrinkles will disappear, and the face will look younger 5 years or more. If all doctors’ recommendations are followed, this condition can last for several years. In the salon, they avoid making accurate predictions because there is no anti-aging program that can eliminate the laws of aging.

Before and after facial rejuvenation

Judging by the comments, the result can last 3-5 years. Longer is unlikely: irreversible age-related changes can only slow down, but then they will reappear, so the treatment process needs to be repeated.

Some patients before and after rejuvenation-photos

What are the possible complications and how to avoid them

Even if the doctor fully follows the procedure, complications may occur. Whether it is in line with the patient’s health and personal response to surgery. The responsibility for partial rejuvenation in the presence of contraindications lies with the patient-if the patient is aware of the contraindications, but fails to warn the doctor or conceal important information from him about the illness suffered, the procedures performed, and allergies to drugs.

Practice in the past 15 years has shown that after partial rejuvenation, side effects may occur, such as:

  • Acne;
  • Herpes;
  • age spots;
  • Persistent skin redness (erythema);
  • Persistent tissue edema.

No cases of keloid scars and tumors have been recorded.

Recovery period

After the operation, the patient immediately felt pain and severe tissue edema. It will be easier if you regularly apply ice (ice cubes wrapped in a napkin or towel or in a frozen water bottle) to the treated skin area every 3-4 hours. You can go out/work the next day, but it is best to wait at home for 2-3 days, and then use a tissue regeneration stimulant to compress and lubricate the skin. Physical exercise, sunbathing or even hot baths are prohibited. Rest, take a hot bath, apply cream and press-at least 2 days.

Then the skin will heal-dry crusts will form first, then they will begin to fall off and fall off.You don’t need to touch them, let alone tear them off.Alcoholic cosmetics (lotions, supplements) during the recovery period should be discarded. Decorative cosmetics are allowed 2-3 days after surgery.

Some comments on laser facial rejuvenation

"Before the procedure itself, an anesthetic ointment was applied. The ointment is also different. I relieved the pain within 15 minutes. The procedure itself is as follows. The doctor showed me the effect of laser on paper. The distance between the holes was 1 mm. Then they burned me. . . The whole process lasted 15 minutes: face and neck. It was unpleasant, but it was tolerable. When the effect of the anesthetic ointment ended, the problem beganThis is a basic burn. The consequences are the same as burns. The entire face becomes red, swollen, and burned. Therefore, it is recommended to perform the procedure on Friday night. The doctor gives the following instructions: Apply ointment frequently to prevent burns; First of all, it is best to use an ointment that contains cooling ingredients; in addition, it is more often to moisturize the face with cold water. The severe redness disappeared somewhere on Saturday night (within a day) and formed a lot in the burning placeBrown skin, but this process is very good, because the next day you can use decorative cosmetics, cover it up. On the third day of the evening, you need to take a bath or go to the bathhouse. Massage the steamed face with your fingertips, Make the crusty fall off. Do not use scrub! The effect gradually increases. After the first step, the oval shape of the face is tightened and the blood vessels around the nose disappeared. In order to get the full effect, the doctor prescribes me 4 per monthA course of treatment. Remember, Fraxel is easier for people who tan because it is similar to sunburn. "

"I performed DOT laser skin rejuvenation. On the first day, the process was painful. I was anaesthetized for an hour. But it was still painful. It smelled of burnt meat. Immediately after the operation, it looked normal, just swollenEyes. The face hurts for 2-3 hours. The night started, how to gently apply it, swelling. . . Look at the appearance of a homeless woman from three positions. No horror the next morning! No pain. But the appearance of a Tajik and a man. The skin turned dark. The eyes narrowed. The face was puffy. At night, the eyes gradually opened. Herpes 2 crawled out of the lower lip. The doctor warned me that if herpes lives in the body, it will definitely come out. , So it came out, beauty is impossible. . . On the third day, there was no pain, the swelling slowly subsided, and the face was crusted, which looked terrifying. On the fourth day, the crusty gradually disappeared without pain, and the face was strange, But not terrible. On the 5th day, the crusty peeled off and the face was pink. After a strong sunburn, the skin was like a baby’s skin. I ate everything that could not be provided. On the 9th day, all the creams, all under the broomThe mask and the lips are healed-pleasing to the eye! Try to look in the mirror and I can't see. The swelling is completely different. Under the eyes (where I hurt the most) everything is smooth. There is no single wrinkle. I don't know what will happen nextWhat. But today is the tenth day and I am very happy. "

"I am fortunate to be the owner of the most difficult scars on my face. That is, shredded boxes. If no one knows, these scars are characterized by sharp and uneven edges. 4 years ago, I passed the treatmentI started this epic work. I understand various methods and succumbed to the doctor’s persuasion to perform partial laser skin resurfacing on the Dot device. By the way, the doctor promised to make my face in 3 stepsCompletely smooth. I know sensibly that it’s impossible. After all, I have complicated scars, but hope is burning in my body. The day of the first operation is here, my God, it’s so painful, the smell of burning skinIt’s still dispersing. At home, I have to sit for less than a week, smear my face endlessly with tissue regeneration stimulants, and worry about my reflection in the mirror, because there they show off in a feminine form. After 6-7 days of Ruger, I had already risked going out. The redness subsided, but the scar was in place. To my surprise, my whole face turned into a small hole. Laser. That is what I didn’t. I thought! They promised perfect smoothness. Finally, they added irregularities. "Okay, okay. "I thought, and went to the second step. Then the third. Personally, my eyes are dazzled by this smoothness. I think nothing has changed! By the way, the grid form from the laserThe traces are still there. They are not noticeable, but if you look closely, you can see them. I use ultrasonic massage, medium speed scooter and peel to sneak them out. On Dot, I am no longer oneA foot! My scar is absolutely stupid! "

Partial revival undoubtedly has many advantages. However, patients gave negative comments, and there is even a method that even caused people's health difficulties. There are many reasons for this, and it is usually a contraindication that prohibits laser rejuvenation in principle. In order to protect yourself from the possible negative effects after surgery, please be prepared before safe use-see a doctor, undergo an examination, listen to it, not a few beauticians. Nevertheless, safety and health are still two inseparable things.

02.09.2020